Managing PCOD And PCOS- What You Need To Know

Women - PCOS
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City lifestyles come with its share of concerns that include unhealthy eating habits, weight gain, lack of adequate sleep and hormonal imbalances.

Medical Specialists in the city are witnessing a steady rise in the cases of younger women with PCOS and PCOD affecting their overall health and wellness. 

“It has been observed that in recent times at least one of every three females suffer from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) or Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD),” quotes Dr Mini Salunkhe, senior city based Gynaecologist.

Explaining this in her earlier columns on lifestyle diseases in Pune365, Dr. Salunke shared that PCOS and PCOD is a result of hormonal imbalance which leads to increase in ovarian volume creating tiny cysts at the periphery.

“Usually seen as a lifestyle disease, some common causes linked to PCOS and PCOD are the unhealthy eating habits, lack of exercise, stress or genetic variation which leads to bulky ovaries.

Though PCOS and PCOD cannot be completely cured there are certain steps one can take to keep it in control, which include lifestyle modifications.”

For people who do not prefer taking continued doses or allopathic medicines, there is a cure for PCOS in homeopathy as well says Homeopathy experts.

Sharing her expertise, Dr Nikhila Bhagwat, MD Homeopathy and Associate Professor- Repertory in DS Homeopathic Medical College, Pune says, “Polycystic ovarian syndrome is manifested by amenorrhoea which is absence of menses, hirsutism, and obesity associated with enlarged and polycystic ovaries. The causes are excessive androgen production by the ovaries.

“Some of the symptoms that people should look for include increasing weight, menstrual irregularities, scanty or non-appearance of menses, dysfunctions uterine bleeding, infertility, acne, hirsutism, thick pigmented skin- neck, inner thighs, and axilla.

While most patients consult doctors for menstrual irregularities, it is important to consult an expert if they find the appearance of the above mentioned symptoms.

Usually sonography, hormone study and clinical symptoms are points to the diagnosis.”

After being diagnosed with PCOS, there are certain lifestyle modifications and treatments that are selected on the basis of individual patient’s symptom groups and her constitutional features.

“Every individual will have a remedy different from others. Active lifestyle, regular exercise, healthy diet is a must. Additionally, reduction of weight is necessary. BMI should than 25 will help improve menstrual abnormalities,” Dr Bhagwat adds.


What You Need To Know

Adverse Effects:

  • Irregular periods
  • Weight gain
  • Acne
  • Excessive hair growth
  • Infertility

Lifestyle modifications/ Suggestion

  • Cutting down on junk food intake
  • Regular exercise
  • Reduce stress levels
  • Regular Clinical Follow ups

Sequelae/ Consequences of PCOS/PCOD

  • Risk of DM- due to insulin resistance.
  • Risk of endometrial cancer- due to high levels of oestrogen.
  • Risk of hypertension, cardo vascular complications.



Loveleen Kaur

Loveleen Kaur

She loves travelling, dogs, sarcasm, humour and anything that spells F O O D, in that order. A writer on a journey to make positive stories a morning ritual and give society what it needs the most - optimism !!

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Loveleen Kaur