Postpartum blues and feeling sad, moody or stressed after child birth often subsides and disappears within a reasonable amount of time, however, if such symptom persist over a longer period of time, chances are that the mother maybe prone to postpartum depression.
60 to 70 percent of mothers end up having partum blues with approximately 10 percent eventually diagnosed with postpartum depression.
Changing lifestyles, unreal expectations and an obsessive concern for doing things correctly often leads to anxiety that is fairly common in adults. Several cases exhibit symptoms of depression along with feeling of neglect, guilt, sorrow, withdrawal symptoms and fatigue most of the time.
These signs including anxiety, worry and panic attacks are all indications that a mother could be suffering from postpartum depression.
Studies suggest that 0.5 percent of cases also encounter a psychotic breakdown or develop psychosis.
“It is a very common disorder that affects the rearing and the bonding with the child and can happen to second time mothers as well,” says Dr Manish Bajpayee, a city-based Senior Psychiatrist.
“This disorder has always been there. Initially it was not given enough importance, but now with increased awareness and information availability, people have realised it is a major issue.
Postpartum Depression can be treated with expert intervention, medication and family care and support.
“One of the factors is genetics and also women with a history of pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (irritability during or before going into the menstrual cycle) are more likely to have partum depression.
“Additionally, family history, social and economic issues, changes in eating and sleeping habits, prolonged stress can be a cause too.
Lack of interest, crying, suicidal thoughts, tiredness, disturbed sleep are symptoms one should look for and if present, seek timely medical intervention.
“However, if it is genetics, it most probably will occur, hence the emotional support and care from the family should be the priority. The woman is going to go through a massive change in her life, going through operations, body changes etc. and she should be given that importance.
“More importantly, picking up the symptoms early and then getting an expert’s help is crucial.
Either with talk therapy or medication, if they are provided early, chances of recovery are much more.
“There are some safe medications that can be given to mothers who are lactating (by experts) which ideally should be the initial course of treatment. But medication provided should be suited for the child and the mother too.
“Then followed by counselling, talk therapy, cognitive therapies, support and care from family also helps.
“It at least takes three to four months minimum to recover but if picked up earlier, with regular doses, therapies and care, one can recover faster,” adds Dr Bajpayee.
Signs & Symptoms:
#Seek Medical Intervention. Postpartum Depression can be treated effectively.
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