India is the third highest generator of Carbon Emission and the rapidly increasing temperatures bear testimony to this.
Pune for instance also witnessed an alarming increase in the mercury levels with even the winter mornings much warmer than what they were like, a decade ago. Most countries are working to reduce Carbon Emission and we can too at individual levels.
“India’s CO2 emission is forecasted to increase by 6.3 % this year.
Governments will keep planning ways to reduce CO2 emission, however, we citizens too can help these efforts by practicing doable and economical methods to reduce CO2 emission,” adds Col S G Dalvi (retd.), National Coordinator (Water Conservation-The Climate Reality Project, India), Director, Parjanya: Rain water Harvesting Consultancy.
Explaining how energy wastage affects our daily life, Dalvi adds, “In India around 70 % of power generation is from Thermal Power Plants.
They use fossil fuels, which generates large amount of Carbon Emission. India is 3rd largest emitter, after the U.S and China. Global warming is responsible for adverse climate changes, like high temperatures, delayed and erratic monsoon cycle, floods, droughts etc. This is adversely affecting our health, food production, availability of safe drinking water, air and water body pollution and more.
“Some common examples of energy wastage are the use of more than required wattage light sources. A 10-watt LED bulb will illuminate as well as 40 w tube light, saving and preventing 75% of energy wastage.
Energy wastage takes place when illumination is kept on beyond when it is required. Timings must be regulated for lighting as well as motor loads.”
Carbon Saving Due to Wet Garbage Composting.
Wet garbage while in the landfill or decomposing in the open generates METHANE, which is 25 times more harmful than Co2. Around 45 kg of wet garbage is generated every day in our society, since it is composted in compost pits Methane generation does not take place. This also helps reduce Carbon Emission.
Small and medium-sized housing societies can take following steps to implement Energy Conservation:
- Identify total energy load of the campus in terms of wattage.
- Calculate daily energy consumption.
- Carry out illumination audit of the campus to assess bright and dark spots, accordingly, adjust light points.
- Based on adjustment check the energy consumption. You will get reduction in energy bills.
- Regular check-ups of electric motors in use to reduce energy consumption.
“India lost nearly 75 billion hours of labour in 2017, adversely affecting economic growth. This is due to effect of rising temperatures.
For the past few years, Pune is experiencing 40-degree Celsius temperature in April and May. Air pollution accounted for 6.5 million deaths in 2015. Water pollution accounted for around 1.8 million deaths in 2015.”
Inferences From Study Of Housing Society in Pune
(57 flats, 140 members)
After Illumination Audit
* Monthly Energy bill was around Rs 22,000 /- per month till 2003.
Dr. Anupam Saraph, Researcher, Innovator and Future Planning Expertshares how individual action can help to reduce carbon.
“Start with baby steps. Ensure you can persist on what you pledge to do.
Here Are Some Simple Ideas:
- Carry your own drinking water, give up bottled commercial water.
- Entertain yourself with conversations in parks, playgrounds not malls
- Reduce your shopping budget every day till you have weeks of zero spend
- Walk to every destination you can, travel infrequently to destinations you can’t walk to.
Here Are More Challenging Ideas:
- Adopt trees on your street, invite your neighbors to join in protecting them.
- Plant more trees in your neighborhood till there is no space for any more.
- find the naala (drainage system), river, pond or well in your neighborhood and work with the authorities to free it from exploitation, encroachment and pollution.
- Refuse to invest in real estate, particularly that which converts forests, farms, mountains or water bodies into concrete.
- Refuse to support projects that have a high carbon footprint like roads, real estate, transportation.
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